睡觉太多的四大坏处

YOU’RE AT HIGHER RISK OF HEART DISEASE.

  你很有可能得心脏病。
  If you snooze a ton, you lose…at least when it comes to heart health. Heart disease is already the number one cause of death in the US, and sleeping more than 8 hours a night increases your chances of dying from it by 34%. Women are more prone1 to sleeping longer than men, which puts them at the highest risk of developing heart problems.
  如果你老是睡觉,那么你会有一些损失——至少心脏不会那么健康。在美国,心脏病已是人们死亡的头号杀手,晚上睡眠时间超过8小时,会导致因心脏病死亡的几率增加34%。女性的睡眠时间往往比男性更久,因此女性患心脏病的风险极高。
  YOU’RE MORE LIKELY TO STRUGGLE WITH YOUR WEIGHT.
  你更有可能与体重作斗争。
  Many studies show that people who don’t sleep enough tend to be heavier, but there’s also a link between excess sleep and obesity2. Though it’s not a simple case of cause and effect, says Irwin, there’s definitely a connection. “What we do know is that as people get more obese3, they’re likely to be long sleepers5,” he says. “And if you’re a long sleeper4, you’re more likely to be obese.”
  许多研究表明睡眠不足的人往往会更重,但睡眠过多与肥胖之间也有一定的关系。这并不是简单的因果关系,Irwin说道,两者之间必有联系。“我们知道的一点就是,越胖的人很可能会睡的更久,”他说道。“如果你睡眠时间越久,那你就会越胖。”
  睡觉太多的四大坏处.jpg
  One theory is that too much sleep translates to too little exercise. “Long sleepers have shorter periods available when they can be active,” says Redline. In other words, the more you sleep, the less you move—and the fewer calories you burn off.
  有一个说法就是:睡眠过多等于锻炼太少。“睡眠时间长的人他们清醒活跃的时间也就更短,” Redline说道。换句话说,你睡的越多,动的就越少——燃烧的卡路里也越少。
  YOU MAY DEVELOP DIABETES6.
  你可能会患上糖尿病。
  Too much sleep can raise your blood sugar levels (as can skimping7 on sleep). That’s not the kind of sweet dreams you want: High blood glucose8 can increase your risk of getting type 2 diabetes.Again, being more sedentary—and overweight—is likely what’s driving this risk factor, says Redline.
  过多的睡眠会提升你的血糖水平(睡眠不足也会)。这并不是你想要的美梦:高血糖会增加你患2型糖尿病的风险。再次强调,坐的时间更久和过重可能是导致这一疾病的原因,Redline说道。
  YOUR BRAIN GETS FUZZIER.
  头脑有些糊涂
  Can’t concentrate? Blame your time between the sheets. Chronic9 long sleeping can age your brain by as much as 2 years and make it difficult to perform everyday tasks, according to research published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.
  不能集中注意力?睡在床上抱怨?根据发表在《美国老年医学会》会刊上的研究所述:长期睡眠时间过多会使大脑的老化速度增快2倍,使得做日常任务变得困难。
  Irwin says the fact that long sleepers tend to have trouble with basic mental functioning may have to do with how often they wake during the night. If you’re getting up too frequently, you might not be getting enough of the deep, restorative sleep you need.
  Irwin说道睡眠时间久的人他们的基本心理功能往往都有问题这一事实可能与晚上他们醒来的频率相关。如果夜间醒来过于频繁,那你可能并没有获得你所需要的深度修复睡眠。
重点词汇:
1 prone  [prəʊn] 
adj.(to)易于…的,很可能…的;俯卧的
参考例句:
Some people are prone to jump to hasty conclusions.有些人往往作出轻率的结论。
He is prone to lose his temper when people disagree with him.人家一不同意他的意见,他就发脾气。
2 obesity   [əʊ'bi:sətɪ]     
n.肥胖,肥大
参考例句:
One effect of overeating may be obesity.吃得过多能导致肥胖。
Sugar and fat can more easily lead to obesity than some other foods.糖和脂肪比其他食物更容易导致肥胖。
3 obese   [əʊˈbi:s]   
adj.过度肥胖的,肥大的
参考例句:
The old man is really obese,it can’t be healthy.那位老人确实过于肥胖了,不能算是健康。
Being obese and lazy is dangerous to health.又胖又懒危害健康。
4 sleeper   [ˈsli:pə(r)]    
n.睡眠者,卧车,卧铺
参考例句:
I usually go up to London on the sleeper. 我一般都乘卧车去伦敦。
But first he explained that he was a very heavy sleeper. 但首先他解释说自己睡觉很沉。
5 sleepers   [s'li:pəz]   
n.卧铺(通常以复数形式出现);卧车( sleeper的名词复数 );轨枕;睡觉(呈某种状态)的人;小耳环
参考例句:
He trod quietly so as not to disturb the sleepers. 他轻移脚步,以免吵醒睡着的人。 来自辞典例句
The nurse was out, and we two sleepers were alone. 保姆出去了,只剩下我们两个瞌睡虫。 来自辞典例句
6 diabetes [ˌdaɪəˈbi:ti:z] 
n.糖尿病
参考例句:
In case of diabetes, physicians advise against the use of sugar.对于糖尿病患者,医生告诫他们不要吃糖。
Diabetes is caused by a fault in the insulin production of the body.糖尿病是由体內胰岛素分泌失调引起的。
7 skimping  [s'kɪmpɪŋ]  
v.少用( skimp的现在分词 );少给;克扣;节省
参考例句:
Nearly a third of workers are skimping on work to meet personal commitments. 几乎有三分之一的员工仅仅是为了达到自己许下的承诺因而在工作上马虎了事。 来自互联网
8 glucose   [ˈglu:kəʊs]   
n.葡萄糖
参考例句:
I gave him an extra dose of glucose to pep him up.我给他多注射了一剂葡萄糖以增强他的活力。
The doctor injected glucose into his patient’s veins.医生将葡萄糖注入病人的静脉。
9 chronic  [ˈkrɒnɪk]  
adj.(疾病)长期未愈的,慢性的;极坏的
参考例句:
Famine differs from chronic malnutrition.饥荒不同于慢性营养不良。
Chronic poisoning may lead to death from inanition.慢性中毒也可能由虚弱导致死亡。
 
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该日志由 1zanxin 于2017年03月20日发表在 双语阅读 分类下,
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